بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Monday, 26th June 2017

Articles

The Last Will of Imam Ali [as]

In the 40th year of Hijra, in the small hours of the morning of 19th Mahe Ramadhan, Imam Ali (A) was struck with a poisoned sword by the Kharijite Ibn Maljam (LA) while offering his prayers in the Masjid of Kufa. He died on the 21stday of Mahe Ramadan 40 AH and is buried in Najaf-ul-Ashraf.

He was born in the House of Allah, the Kaaba, and martryed in the House of Allah, Masjid-e-Kufa. The Lion of Allah, the most brave and gentle Muslim after the Prophet (SAW) himself, began his glorious life with devotion to Allah and His Messenger, and ended it in the service of Islam.

"And do not speak of those who are slain in the the Way of Allah as dead; nay, they are alive, but you perceive not." Quran 2:154

Imam Ali's (A) last will to his sons Imam Hasan (A) and Imam Hussain (A) after the attempt on his life by a stab from Ibn Muljim (LA):

- My advice to you is to be conscious of Allah and steadfast in your religion. Do not yearn for the world, and do not be seduced by it. Do not resent anything you have missed in it. Proclaim the truth; work for the next world. Oppose the oppressor and support the oppressed.

- I advise you, and all my children, my relatives, and whosoever receives this message, to be conscious of Allah, to remove your differences, and to strengthen your ties. I heard your grandfather, peace be upon him, say: "Reconciliation of your differences is more worthy than all prayers and all fasting."

- Fear Allah in matters concerning orphans. Attend to their nutrition and do not forget their interests in the middle of yours.

- Fear Allah in your relations with your neighbors. Your Prophet often recommended them to you, so much so that we thought he would give them a share in inheritance.

- Remain attached to the Quran. Nobody should surpass you in being intent on it, or more sincere in implementing it.

- Fear Allah in relation to your prayers. It is the pillar of your religion.

- Fear Allah in relation to His House; do not abandon it as long as you live. It you should do that you would abandon your dignity.

- Persist in the struggle in the cause of Allah, with your money, your souls, and your tongue.

- Maintain communication and exchange of opinion among yourselves. Beware of disunity and enmity. Do not desist from promoting good deeds and cautioning against bad ones. Should you do that,the worst among you would be your leaders, and you will call upon Allah without response.

- O Children of Abdul Mattalib! Do not shed the blood of Muslims under the banner: The Imam has been assassinated! Only the assassin should be condemned to death.

- If I die of this stab of his, kill him with one similar stroke. Do not mutilate him! I have heard the Prophet, peace be upon him, say: "Mutilate not even a rabid dog."

Source: Najul Balagha

Source: www.hujjat.org

The Martydom of Imam Ali [as]

A group of the Kharijites gathered at Mecca and they mentioned the leaders (of the people) and blamed them and their actions. They mentioned the people of al-Nahrawan and they asked God's mercy for them. Then they said to each other: "If (only) we devoted ourselves to God, and went to the leaders (Imams) of error (dalal) and sought a moment when they were inattentive and then rid the country and men of them for the sake of God, and also avenged our brothers, the martyrs of al-Nahrawan."

They made a compact to do that after performing the pilgrimage. 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam (LA), said: "I'll take care of (killing) 'Ali for you." Al-Burak ibn 'Abd Allah al-Tamimi said: "I will take care of (killing) Mu'awiya for you." 'Amr ibn Bakr al-Tamimi said: "I will take care of (killing) 'Amr ibn al-'As for you." They made a compact to do that and bound themselves to its fulfilment. They agreed to carry it out on the night of the 19th of the month of Ramadan. On that they separated.

Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, set out - he was numbered among Kinda - until he came to Kufa. There he met his colleagues. But he kept his task secret from them out of fear that something of it might get spread around. The situation was like this when one day he visited one of his colleagues from Taym al-Rabab. At this man's house he met by chance Qatam, daughter of al-Akhdar of Taym. The Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, had killed her father and brother at al-Nahrawan. She was (also) one of the most beautiful of the women of her time. When Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, saw her, he fell in love with her and his admiration of her became very intense. He asked to marry her and became engaged to her. Then she said to him: "What dowry do you suggest for me?"

"Make your decision on that," he answered.

"I have decided," she said, "that you should (give me three thousand dirhams, a young serving boy, a servant and the murder of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib."

"You can have all you asked for," he replied. "But as for the murder of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, how can I do that?"

"You should look (for a time) when he is careless," she said. "If you kill him, I will cure myself (of my obsession against him) and life with me will be a pleasure for you. If you are killed, God has nothing in this world which is better for you (than such a death)."

"The only thing which has brought me to this town (misr)," he said, "when I was a fugitive from it and could find no protection with its inhabitants, was to kill 'Ali b. Abi Talib, which you have asked me for. So you will have what you have asked for."

"I have been looking for someone to help you and strengthen you in that (undertaking)," she said. Then she went to Wardan ibn Mujalid from Taym al-Rabab. She gave him the information and asked help for Ibn Muljam, may God curse him. He undertook to share responsibility for that for her.

Then Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, went out and came to a man from Ashja' called Shabib ibn Bajura and said to him:

"Shabib, would you like nobility (sharaf) in this world and the next life?"

"What is that?" he asked.

"Will you help me to kill 'Ali b. Abi Talib?"

Shabib was one who held the view of the Kharijites, so he said to Ibn Muljam: "May a wailing woman wail for you (at your death), Ibn Muljam. For you have come to something which is horrific. How will you be able to do it?"

"We will lie in wait for him in the great mosque," Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, replied. "Then when he comes to the dawn prayer, we will attack him. If we kill him, we will satisfy ourselves and attain our vengeance."

He insisted until he agreed and went with him into the great mosque to Qatam, while she was performing the rite of i'tikaf there and put up a tent. They both said to her: "We have reached agreement on killing this man."

"When you want (to do) that," she said, "come to me in this place."

Then they left her and waited for several days. They came to her finally on the night of Wednesday, the 19thof the month of Ramadan in the year 40 AH. She ordered some silk which she tied around their chests. They put on their swords, and went out and sat opposite at the door from which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, would come out to the prayer. However before that, they had told al-Ash'ath ibn Qays of the resolution in their spirits to kill the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him. Al-Ash'ath ibn Qays, may God curse him, agreed with them in what they had agreed upon.

Hujr ibn 'Adi, may God have mercy on him, was (also) spending that night in the mosque. He overheard al-Ash'ath saying to Ibn Muljam:

"Hurry, hurry to your task, for dawn is beginning to appear."

Hujr perceived the intention of al-Ash'ath and said to him: "You are going to kill him, you one-eyed man."

He left directly to go to the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, and tell him the news to warn him about the group. However, the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, missed him on the way and went into the mosque. Ibn Muljam came to him first and struck him. Hujr approached as the people were crying: "The Commander of the faithful has been killed!"

As for the two men who were in agreement with Ibn Muljam to kill Mu'awiya and 'Amr ibn al 'As, the one struck Mu'awiya while he was bending (in prayer). However his blow was delivered weakly and he was saved from its consequences. The man was seized and killed immediately.

As for the other he went to carry out his mission that night. However 'Amr had felt sick and had put a man in his place to pray with the people; the man was called Kharija ibn Abi Habiba al-'Amiri. He struck with his sword when he thought that it was 'Amr. He was seized and taken to 'Amr who had him killed. Kharija died on the second day!

Reference: Kitab al-Irshad, Sheikh Mufid

Source: www.hujjat.org

Bibi Khadija [as]

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The Most Beloved Wife of the Holy Prophet of Islam (SAW)

"Islam did not rise except through Ali's sword and Khadija's wealth" a saying goes.

Khadija al-Kubra (A) daughter of Khuwaylid ibn (son of) Asad ibn Abdul-ˋUzza ibn Qusayy belonged to the clan of Banu Hashim of the tribe of Banu Asad. She was a distant cousin of her husband the Messenger of Allah Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn Abd Manaf ibn Qusayy (pbuh and his progeny). Qusayy, then, is the ancestor of all clans belonging to Quraysh. According to some historians, Quraysh's real name was Fahr, and he was son of Malik son of Madar son of Kananah son of Khuzaimah son of Mudrikah son of Ilyas son of Mazar son of Nazar son of Maˋad son of Adnan son of Ismaˋeel (Ishmael) son of Ibrahim (Abraham) son of Sam son of Noah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon the prophets from among his ancestors.


According to a number of sources, Khadija (A) was born in 565 AD and died on 10th Mahe Ramadhan three year before the Hijra (migration of the Holy Prophet and his followers from Mecca to Medina) at the age of 58. Khadija's mother, who died around 575 AD, was Fatima daughter of Za'ida ibn al-Asam of Banu ˋAmir ibn Luayy ibn Ghalib, also a distant relative of Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Khadija's father, who died around 585 AD, belonged to the Abd al-ˋUzza clan of the tribe of Quraysh and, like many other Qurayshis, was a merchant, a successful businessman whose vast wealth and business talents were inherited by Khadija and whom the latter succeeded in faring with the family's vast wealth.

Her marriage to the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) was a very happy one, and it produced a lady who was one of the four perfect women in all the history of mankind: Fatima daughter of Muhammad (SAW). Before her, Qasim and Abdullah were born, but they both died at infancy.  By the time Khadija got married, she was quite a wealthy lady, so wealthy that she felt no need to keep trading and increasing her wealth; instead, she decided to retire and enjoy a comfortable life with her husband who, on his part, preferred an ascetic life.

Khadija (A) bore patiently in the face of persecution to which her revered husband and his small band of believers were exposed at the hands of the polytheists and aristocrats of Quraysh, sacrificing her vast wealth to promote Islam, seeking Allah's Pleasure. Among Khadija's merits was her being one of the four most perfect of all women of mankind, the other three being: Fatima daughter of Muhammad (SAW), Maryam bint ˋUmran (Mary daughter of Amran) mother of Christ (A) and niece of prophet Zakariyya and Ishba (Elizabeth), and ˋAsiya daughter of Muzahim, wife of Pharaoh.

The Prophet of Islam (SAW) used to talk about Khadija quite often after her demise, so much so that his youngest wife, ˋAyesha daughter of Abu Bakr, felt extremely jealous and said to him, "... But she was only an old woman with red eyes, and Allah has compensated you with a better and younger wife (meaning herself)."  This caused him (SAW) to be very indignant, and he said, "No, indeed; He has not compensated me with someone better than her. She believed in me when all others disbelieved; she held me truthful when others called me a liar; she sheltered me when others abandoned me; she comforted me when others shunned me; and Allah granted me children by her while depriving me of children by other women."

Janabe Khadija (A) died of illness (or as some mention, poisoning) on 10th day of the month of Ramadhan, ten years after the start of the Prophetic mission (in the year 619 AD),  25 years after her marriage with Muhammad (SAW), and she was buried at a graveyard known as Jannaul Maula at the outskirts of Mecca.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) dug her grave and buried her... Funeral prayers (salat al janaza) had not yet been mandated in Islam. It is reported that by the time she died, her entire wealth had already been spent to promote Islam; she left not a single gold dinar nor a single silver dirham, nor anything more or less..

"O soul that are at rest! Return to your Lord, well-pleased (with Him), well-pleasing (Him), so enter among My servants, and enter into My garden."  (Holy Qur'an, 89:27-30).

Article contribution by Marhum Muallim Mustafa Mawjee

Source: www.hujjat.org

Imam Hassan al-Mujtaba [AS]

wiladat imam hassan as 2013 wallpaper by dea pride-d6ekd0i

Birth 15th Holy Month of Ramadhan 5 AH in Madina
Titles Al-Mujtaba (The Chosen One)
Death 7thSafar 50 AH in Madina


When asked what piety is, Imam Hassan (A) replied, "yearning for virtue and not longing for this world."

When asked what generosity is, Imam Hassan (A) replied, "donation before request and feeding people during drought."

When asked what dignity is, Imam Hassan (A) replied, "agreeing with friends and maintaining good neighbourly relations."

Wiladat of Our 2nd Imam (A)

Imam Hasan (A) was born on the 15th of Ramadhan in the 3rd Hijrah. His name was suggested by Allah (swt) through a Vahi (revelation) to the Prophet Mohammad (saw) which suggested that since Imam Ali (A) is to the Prophet Mohammad (saw) as Hazrat Haroon (A) was to Hazrat Moosa (A), the name of his child should be on the name of the son of Hazrat Haroon (A) which was Shabbar - meaning Hassan in Arabic. This was the first time that a child was named Hassan.

His Practical Application of Al-Qur'an

Once, a female slave brought a beautiful flower, which had a wonderful fragrance and presented it to her master Imam Hassan al-Mujtaba (A). Imam (A) was so happy that he (A) instantly set her free. Anas bin Malik, who was present at the time, was surprised and remarked: "Master! You have set her free for such a simple reason?  Indeed we do not see any connection between this flower and her freedom". Thereupon, the Imam (A) said: "Allah, the Almighty says in the Quran: 'When you are greeted with a salute, greet with a better one than it, or return it'. (4:86).  She had expressed her feelings and it needed to be responded in a much better way, so I freed her". (Ahsanul-Muqaal).

His Knowledge

Once the ruler of Rome asked Imam Hassan (A): "Which are the creations which were born without a mother and father or male and female?"

Imam Hasan (A) replied: There are 7 such creations:

1. Hazrat Adam (A),

2. Hazrat Hawwa (A),

3. The lamb which was sent in place of Hazrat Ismaeel (A),

4. The camel of Hazrat Saleh (A),

5. The serpent of Hazrat Moosa (A),

6. Iblees and

7. The crow that taught the method of burial to Qabeel son of Hazrat Adam (A)

His Character and Etiquette

An old man sat to do his Wudhu / Wuzu (Ablution). But his Wudhu was not correct.  Imam Hassan (A) and Imam Hussain (A), the grandsons of the Prophet Mohammad (saw), then two young boys, watched him.  They immediately realized that the old man was not doing his Wudhu correctly, but hesitated to tell him directly. Perhaps the old man would feel humiliated by two young boys, or he might even lose interest in the act of worship.

Sitting next to him, they started to do the Wudhu and during the Wudhu, Imam Hassan (A) said: "Oh Hussain my Wudhu is correct and more perfect than yours." In reply, Imam Hussain (A) insisted that his own Wudhu was better than Imam Hassan's. Finally they said: "Let us refer to this gentleman. He is older than us and should be able to decide."

The old man was listening patiently. The boys performed their Wudhu under his supervision, one after the other. And when they had finished, he realized the Wudhu done by the boys was methodical and correct. It was his own Wudhu which was incorrect. Turning to Imam Hasan (A) and Imam Hussain (A), he gently said: "The Wudhu done by you is absolutely correct. I am grateful that you chose to guide me in such a beautiful manner."

Article contribution by Marhum Muallim Mustafa Mawjee

SOURCE: www.hujjat.org

The Holy Month of Ramadhan

It has been narrated from the Commander of the Faithful Imam ‘Ali (A) that:

Don’t say Ramadhan because, you don’t know what Ramadhan is. Whoever says so must pay charity and must offer an atonement fast, instead of saying Ramadhan, say the way Allah has called it “the Month of Ramadhan.

The most important duty of a devoted wayfarer in this great month is to understand the right of this Holy Month in which Allah (the Glorious, the Exalted), has invited the wayfarers of His path for a feast. Also he must understand the correct meanings of fasting and its relevance with Allah’s invitation. Having discovered this reality he must endeavour that all his actions and deeds are accompanied with required devotion and sincerity in order to earn the pleasure of his host Allah (the Glorious, the Exalted).

Regarding special distinctions of the Holy Month of Ramadhan and spread of Allah’s blessings during this month, a lot of important points have been mentioned in narrations; following is a brief description of those narrations:

1. Allah (the Glorious, the Exalted), pardons seventy million people, who are being punished in the Hell, at the time of Fast-breaking (iftar) during each night of the Holy Month of Ramadhan, and at the end of the Holy Month forgives an additional number of sinners equivalent to the total sum of those pardoned during the entire month.

2. On the first night of the Holy Month of Ramadhan, Allah (the Glorious, the Exalted), pardons whoever he pleases, and during each night pardons twice the number pardoned in the previous night, and on the last night, forgives twice the number of sinners pardon during entire month.

3. In this regard, the most famous tradition is the sermon of the Holy Prophet (SAW) which has been reported by Sayyid Ibn Taoos in his book Iqbal, quoted from Imam al-Ridha (A) who heard from his father, who quoted from the Commander of the Faithful Imam ‘Ali (A) who said:

“One day the Holy Prophet (SAW) delivered the following sermon about the Holy Month of Ramadhan: O’ people! The Month of Allah with blessing mercy and pardon has came to you, a month which is the best month among all months before Allah; its days are the best days; its nights are the best nights and its hours are the best hours. It is the month in which you have been invited by the Lord for a feast, and have been selected as the recipient of this special favour. Your breathing merits the reward of praise, while your sleeping in this month earns the reward of worship. In this month your deeds are accepted and prayers are granted.

Therefore, with true intention and pure hearts beseech the Lord to bestow upon you His special favour to be able to observe fasting and recite the Holy Qur’an. Because the most unfortunate and wretched one is the one who remains deprived from Allah’s pardon during this great month. With your thirst and hunger remind yourself about the thirst and hunger of the Day of Judgement; pay charity to poor and destitute people, pay respect to elders; be kind towards youngsters, and observe the bonds of relationship with your kith and kin.

“Watch your tongues, cover your eyes from seeing forbidden objects and prevent your ears from hearing forbidden affairs. Be kind to the orphans of the people so that the others are kind towards your orphans. Repent for your sins and at the time of prayer raise your hands upward, because these hours are the best hours in which Allah looks towards mankind with mercy and compassion. Their hymns are granted, their cries are heard. Whatever they ask is bestowed upon them and their prayers are fulfilled.

“O’ people! Your selves are mortgaged against your deeds and therefore, by means of repentance make yourself free. Your back has become much too heavy due to sins; by prolongation of your prostration make yourself light-burdened. Know that Allah has taken the oath of his Majesty and Splendour that he will not punish those who offer prayers and bow down in prostration, and on the Day of Judgement will not scare them through Hell’s fire.

“O’ people! Whoever in this month will make arrangements for the fast-breaking (iftar) of a believer will be bestowed upon the reward equal to freeing of a slave and all of his past sins shall be pardoned. He was asked: ‘O’ Prophet of Allah! But all of us are not in a position to arrange the fast-breaking of a fast observer.’ The Prophet replied: ‘Protect yourself from Hell-Fire and offer fast-breaking even if it happens to be a piece of date with a glass of sherbet.’

“O’ people! Whoever makes his conduct better in this month on the Judgement Day will be bestowed upon the permit for crossing over the Serat. Whoever will open the knots of difficulties of people’s affairs in this month, the Lord on the Judgement Day will make the accounting of his deeds easier.

“Whoever makes people immune from his mischief, Allah on the Judgement Day will make him immune from his wrath. Whoever treats an orphan with respect, on the Judgement Day Allah will treat him with honour. Whoever takes care to strengthen family bonds with relatives, Allah will extend His blessings upon him on the Judgement Day, and whoever will cut off his family ties, Allah too will deprive him from His blessings on the Judgement Day.

“Whoever offers supererogatory prayers in this month, Allah will register for him immunity from the fire. Whoever performs a compulsory deed in this month, will be bestowed the reward of seventy compulsory deeds performed in other months. Whoever offers a lot of salutations upon me in this month, on the Judgement Day, Allah will make the balance of his righteous deeds heavier. Whoever recites one single verse of the Holy Qur’an during this month will be bestowed the reward of finishing the entire Holy Qur’an in other months.

“O’ people! The gates of Paradise are opened in this month, beseech Allah that it should not be closed upon you. The doors of Hell are closed, and ask Allah that they are not opened upon you. The devils are chained in this month, ask Allah not to allow them to take over your control.

Imam ‘Ali (A) said: ‘O’ Prophet of Allah which one is the best deed during this month?’ The Holy Prophet (SAW) replied: ‘O’ Abul Hasan! The most supreme deed in this month is piety and renunciation of divine forbidden acts’, then the Holy Prophet [s] cried. ‘O’ Prophet of Allah! What has caused you to cry?’ Asked Imam ‘Ali (A). ‘O’ ‘Ali! What would happen to you during this month. As I can see you standing in prayer whispering with your Lord, the most wretched person comes and with a heavy blow of his sword makes your beard coloured with your blood.’

‘O’ Prophet of Allah! Would I be steadfast upon my religion on that day?’ Asked Imam ‘Ali (A) ‘Yes! You would be steadfast on your faith’ said the Holy Prophet (SAW). Then he said: ‘O’ ‘Ali! Whoever would kill you, would kill me; whoever would engage in ill-speaking against you would vilify me, because, you are from me; your soul is my soul; your nature is my nature; Allah has created, me and you; He has bestowed exaltedness upon me and you – prophethood (nabuwwat) for me, and vicegerency (imamat) for you; whoever has not accepted your vicegerency has not believed in my prophethood either; O’ ‘Ali you are my executor and successor, you are the father of my children, you are the husband of my daughter; you are the caliph of my community (ummah)during my lifetime as well as after my demise; your orders are my orders; your prohibition is my prohibition; I swear to Allah who has bestowed upon me prophethood and made me His most distinguished servant that you are Allah’s proof upon His creatures; you are the trustee of His secrets; Allah’s vicegerent (caliph) upon His bondsman.”

4. The most important and explicit tradition about this month is prophet’s displeasure for someone who did nothing for his own forgiveness while the entire Holy Month passed away. The Holy Prophet has said:
“May Allah never forgive someone who spent the entire Holy Month without being able to receive forgiveness.”

5. There are plenty of narrations about chaining of devils, closing of Hell’s doors, opening of Paradise gates and Allah’s proclaimer announcing the open invitation for the people from the beginning till the end of month. Such special distinctions from the beginning till the end of month have not been mentioned for any other month.

6. Some narrations about this month are those which indicate the special merit of this month is the acceptance of prayers by Allah (the Glorious, the Exalted), as the Holy Qur’an says:

“Beseech Me so that I may grant your wishes.”  Holy Qur’an (15:60)

References:

Spiritual Journey of the Mystics – Etiquette of the Holy Month of Ramadhan (A comprehensive Commentary About the Esoteric Essence of the Holy Month of Ramadhan) Writings of  Haj Mirza Javad Agha Maliki Tabrizi (RA) Translated from Persian by Sayyid Hussein Alamdar

SOURCE: www.hujjat.org

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Mon Jun 26, 2017 @08:00 - 10:30PM
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