بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Saturday, 23rd September 2017


Eid e Mubahila

"And unto him who disputeth with thee therein after the knowledge hath come unto thee, Say ! ( O' Our Apostle Muhammad ! ) ( Unto them ) come ye, let us summon our sons, and ( ye summon ) your sons, and ( we summon ) our women and ( ye ) your women, and ( we summon ) ourselves and then let us invoke the curse of God on the liars!" (3:61)

This verse refers to the famous event of ' al-Mubahalah ' which took place in the year 10 AH against the Christians of Najran. A deputation of 60 Christians of Najran headed by Abdul Masih their chief monkpriest came and discussed with the Holy Prophet (saw) the personality of Hazrat Isa (A). The Holy Prophet (saw) told them not to deify Jesus for he was only a mortal created by God, and not God Himself. Then they asked who the father of Jesus was. By this, they thought that since he was born without a father the Holy Prophet (saw) would helplessly accept Jesus' father being God himself. In reply to this question was revealed the verse:"Verily, similitude of Jesus with God is as the similitude of Adam; He created him out of dust then said He unto him BE, and he became."

When the Christians did not agree to this line of reasoning, then this verse was revealed enjoining upon the Prophet (saw) to call the Christians to Mubahalah. To this the Christians agreed and they wanted to return to their place and would have the Mubahalah the next day.

Early next morning the Holy Prophet (saw) sent Salman al Farsi to the open place, fixed outside the city for the historic event, to erect a small shelter for himself and those he intended to take along with him for the contest. On the opposite side appeared the Christian prists, while at the appointed hour the Christians witnessed the Holy Prophet (saw) entering the field with Imam Hussain (A) in his lap, Imam Hasan (A) holding his finger, and walking beside him, Lady Fatima (A) and followed by Imam Ali al Murtaza (A). The Prophet (A) on reaching the appointed spot stationed himself with his daughter, her two sons and her husband, raising his hands towards the heaven said :

Lord these are the People of my House 

The Chief Monk on knowing that the baby in the lap of the Prophet (saw) was his young grandson, Imam Hussain (A), the child walking holding the Prophet's (saw) hand was his first grandson, Imam Hasan (A), the Lady behind him was daughter, his only surviving issue was Fatima (A) the mother of the two children and the one who followed the Lady was his son in law, the husband of Fatima (A), addressed the huge crowd of the people who had gathered on the spot, and addressed them saying

By God, I see the faces which, if they pray to God for mountains to move from their places, the mountains will immediately move !

O believers in the Jesus of Nazareth, I will tell you the truth that should ye fail to enter into some agreement with Muhammad and if these souls whom Muhammad has brought with him, curse you, ye will be wiped out of existence to the last day of the life of the earth ! 

The people readily agreed to the advice counseled by their Leader. They beseeched the Holy Prophet (saw) to give up the idea of the agreed Mubahalah and requested for themselves to be allowed to continue their faith, offering to pay ' Jizya '.

This historic event of a unique triumph of Islam is taken by the Shias as a religious thanksgiving festival of the triumph against falsehood. Some of the significance of this event are as follows :

* this event un-questionably establishes the truth about the spiritual purity of the Ahl al Bayt
* it proves beyond any doubt as to who are the members of the house of the Prophet (saw)
* the seriousness and the solemnity of the occasion demands absolute purity, spiritual as well as physical in the individuals to serve in the fateful  occasion for the Holy Prophet to present them to God as the best one of His creation to be heard in the prayers of Truth!
Source: www.hujjat.org

The Day of Arafah


Of the nights in a year, there are seven nights mark as a grandeur and majesty nights. These are Shab-e-Qadr (Night of power), Shab-e-Meraj (Night of Ascension), Shab-e-Barrat(Night of deliverance), the night of Arafat(Great gathering), 15th of Shaban and the nights of two Eid (Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-Ul-Adha). However, the night of Arafat has great political as well as religious significant. But what is Arafat?

Arafat is a mountain or a granite hill, east of Mecca. It is also known as the Mount of Mercy (Jabal ar-Rahmah). The level area surrounding the hill is called the plains of Arafah. Arafat literally means Knowledge and Science. Arafat is the place where according to the Islamic narrations, the repentance of Adam was accepted by the God after his fall from heaven, Adam and Eve were united at the mount of Arafat, prayed together, asking for forgiveness and got married by archangel Gabriel. Arafat is a site for prayer, supplication and repentance but also acquiring proper recognition of God. Arafat which is marifat mean recognition 

This is a day for those present on the plains of Arafah, who stand/sit in two piece of clothes, in scorching heat and ponder over just two facts, to whom they belong and where they are going

About two and half million Muslims will converge on the plains of Arafah for Waqafa (waiting) all afternoon for sunset. It is a vivid representation in all of humanity gathering at the end of Time. It is the day of reckoning where all pilgrims are repenting, supplicating, with hands high. Arafat is the place, where Prophet Muhammad gave his last sermon 14 centuries ago by proclaiming the equality of mankind, justice and freedom for all in an eloquent Human Rights manifesto. “All mankind is from Adam and Eve. An Arab has no superiority over non-Arab. A white has no superiority over a black nor does a black have any superiority over a white person, except by piety”. He also emphasized the women’s rights and demanded that husband treat their wives with kindness, respect and gentleness and that abusing the wife is immoral. The pilgrims ought to remember and recite the famous sermon on the mount Arafat is where he explicitly gave instructions to the Ummah in the following words: “I am leaving behind you two weighty things (the Saqalayn) the book of God – the Quran and my progeny, the Ahlul Bayt. Hold fast to them and you will never go astray.”

The plain of Arafat is the high point of the Hajj and Prophet Muhammad has said Arafat is the Hajj. While Imam Hussein inscribe an excellent supplication of Arafah, which is one of the famous in the Shiite Annals. Thirty days separate Arafah and Ashura. There exist many similarities and strong bondage between these two days as regard to the message. One clear link is that both of these days have a direct association with Imam Hussein –Doyen of Martyrs. The day of Arafah is all about journey in to the ocean of Gnosticism, which presents in the supplication and recommended to be recited on the day of Arafah.

If one takes a journey through this supplication with understanding and pondering will realize what divine lord and his lordship is all about and how dare one commit any sins. The most trembling state of this dua comes, when he utters the statements, whereby he say “O’ Allah, if you do full fill this one desire of mine, then all other needs which have fulfilled is of no benefit to me, and whatever you have not given me will not do any damage to me. And that one desire is that you relieve my neck from the fire of Hell”. This verse of this Dua, tell us that whether my worldly desires are fulfilled or not, it won’t make any difference if at the end I cannot free myself from the fire of hell.

My question is how this disciple of Dua-e-Arafah can be relaxed and comfortable, when he can witness such an injustice around the world. How can he a follower of Imam Hussein, an inheritor of Dua-e-Arafah forget the saying “Every day is Ashura and Every Land is Karbala”? Dua-e-Arafah is the gateway to Karbala for the Greatest Sacrifice – Zibe-Azeem.

Arafat is awe-inspiring great gathering you see millions shedding tears to gain salvation, seek Allah’s forgiveness (istighfar) and repentance (Tawbah) and making a firm resolution to avoid making the same mistakes. However, Hajj pilgrims ought to ponder on why the Prophet’s grandson Imam Hussein cut short the Hajj pilgrimage to leave the plains of Arafat for the plains of Karbala in Iraq. The pilgrims should contemplate this wise action that saved the sacred land of Mecca from being sullied with wanton bloodshed that assassin who had come in the garb of pilgrims intended, and how Abraham’s great descendant foiled their plot in order to preserve the sanctity of the Hajj and the Holy Ka’ba. This leads me to talk about Ashura, which fall exactly thirty days after the Great Sacrifice of Prophet Abraham of his son Ishmael. A month after the 10th of Zilhaj is the Day of Ashura and the name of Imam Hussein and Karbala are associated with the virtue of sacrifice. Also refried as the greatest sacrifice.

Ashura – Imam Hussein – The Great Sacrifice Everyday is Ashura and every Land is Karbala.

One of the Hajj rituals centers on the prophet Abraham test to sacrifice his son, which is known as the Greatest Sacrifice –Zibhe Azeem. However, Ishmael was saved twice, once when he was an infant when the spring of Zam Zam miraculously gushed out and second time when Archangel Gabriel by God’s command replaced him with a ram. According to the Quran a verse was revealed immediately to console Abraham say “O, Abraham! Of course thou hast faithfully fulfilled the dream, thou art of the truthful ones, but verily it is an open test, we have substituted it with a Greater sacrifice. We have transferred it to later generation” {Quran 37:105-108}. Hence, the honor was destined for Ishmael’s descendants, Imam Hussein, Ali Asgher and other martyrs of Karbala who were martyred in the state of thirst on the banks of the river Euphrates.  It was on the 10th Muharram known as Ashura, 61 A.H (680 A.D) that Imam Hussein became a martyr under the most tragic and dreadful conditions ever chronicled in the annals of the civilized world. A nefarious ruler, Yazid, son of Muawiyah, carried the atrocious acts

Source : hujjat.org

The Last Will of Imam Ali [as]

In the 40th year of Hijra, in the small hours of the morning of 19th Mahe Ramadhan, Imam Ali (A) was struck with a poisoned sword by the Kharijite Ibn Maljam (LA) while offering his prayers in the Masjid of Kufa. He died on the 21stday of Mahe Ramadan 40 AH and is buried in Najaf-ul-Ashraf.

He was born in the House of Allah, the Kaaba, and martryed in the House of Allah, Masjid-e-Kufa. The Lion of Allah, the most brave and gentle Muslim after the Prophet (SAW) himself, began his glorious life with devotion to Allah and His Messenger, and ended it in the service of Islam.

"And do not speak of those who are slain in the the Way of Allah as dead; nay, they are alive, but you perceive not." Quran 2:154

Imam Ali's (A) last will to his sons Imam Hasan (A) and Imam Hussain (A) after the attempt on his life by a stab from Ibn Muljim (LA):

- My advice to you is to be conscious of Allah and steadfast in your religion. Do not yearn for the world, and do not be seduced by it. Do not resent anything you have missed in it. Proclaim the truth; work for the next world. Oppose the oppressor and support the oppressed.

- I advise you, and all my children, my relatives, and whosoever receives this message, to be conscious of Allah, to remove your differences, and to strengthen your ties. I heard your grandfather, peace be upon him, say: "Reconciliation of your differences is more worthy than all prayers and all fasting."

- Fear Allah in matters concerning orphans. Attend to their nutrition and do not forget their interests in the middle of yours.

- Fear Allah in your relations with your neighbors. Your Prophet often recommended them to you, so much so that we thought he would give them a share in inheritance.

- Remain attached to the Quran. Nobody should surpass you in being intent on it, or more sincere in implementing it.

- Fear Allah in relation to your prayers. It is the pillar of your religion.

- Fear Allah in relation to His House; do not abandon it as long as you live. It you should do that you would abandon your dignity.

- Persist in the struggle in the cause of Allah, with your money, your souls, and your tongue.

- Maintain communication and exchange of opinion among yourselves. Beware of disunity and enmity. Do not desist from promoting good deeds and cautioning against bad ones. Should you do that,the worst among you would be your leaders, and you will call upon Allah without response.

- O Children of Abdul Mattalib! Do not shed the blood of Muslims under the banner: The Imam has been assassinated! Only the assassin should be condemned to death.

- If I die of this stab of his, kill him with one similar stroke. Do not mutilate him! I have heard the Prophet, peace be upon him, say: "Mutilate not even a rabid dog."

Source: Najul Balagha

Source: www.hujjat.org

Dahwul Ardh


Almighty Allah in Surat al-Nazi'aat 79:30 speaking clearly about Dahwul Ardh says: “and the earth-after that He spread it out (dahahaa)...”

1. What is Dahwul Ardh?

“Dahwul Ardh” - the 25th of Dhulqa'dah, according to a tradition of the Holy Prophet (s) reported by one of his Sahabi - 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud, is the day when the earth was spread for the advantage of human beings. The phrase "Dahwul Ardh" literally means “The spread of the earth”. In another tradition it is reported that the first Rahmah & blessing descended on this very day.

A saying of a Masoom (as) goes: “Imam-e-Zamana Ajja lallahu Farajahu will rise in this day and will fill the world with fairness and justice as it was filled with unfairness and oppression”.

Hence it is a very important occasion indeed. This day is one of those four days, which are distinguished for the excellence of fasting. According to a tradition of the Holy Prophet (saw), whosoever fasts on this day his fast would equal 70 years of fasting. Many aamaal of this day have been described.

Having known these merits, should we limit our celebration with fasting and the expression of joy, or should our struggle transcend beyond that? This obviously would depend on our vision about this important day. And in order to understand properly the importance of this day, we should understand the earth better.

2. How is Dahwu'l Ardh applicable in the present era & how must we celebrate it?

Islam was not revealed for a certain time and a particular people. Its laws and teachings apply for all ages to come. We should try to appreciate this vital truth and behold the "universality" of the religious teachings.

The day of Dahwul Ardh that the Holy Prophet (saw) and our aimma (A) mention in the traditions was not a day of celebration for their time only. Rather it is a day to be celebrated in every epoch and land. The problems the earth faced in their time may be different from the problems the earth confronts in our age. However both have lived in the same earth.

Our duty in every age when this Islamic earth day is celebrated should be to ponder over this God-given blessing, the reason why it was created, whether it is utilized for the purpose it was created, the crisis it faces at present, the remedy for such crisis, etc. This would really make the celebration a celebration of true faith and concern, and a celebration of thanking the All-Merciful Creator who created the world for man's good.

source : www.hujjat.org

The Martydom of Imam Ali [as]

A group of the Kharijites gathered at Mecca and they mentioned the leaders (of the people) and blamed them and their actions. They mentioned the people of al-Nahrawan and they asked God's mercy for them. Then they said to each other: "If (only) we devoted ourselves to God, and went to the leaders (Imams) of error (dalal) and sought a moment when they were inattentive and then rid the country and men of them for the sake of God, and also avenged our brothers, the martyrs of al-Nahrawan."

They made a compact to do that after performing the pilgrimage. 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam (LA), said: "I'll take care of (killing) 'Ali for you." Al-Burak ibn 'Abd Allah al-Tamimi said: "I will take care of (killing) Mu'awiya for you." 'Amr ibn Bakr al-Tamimi said: "I will take care of (killing) 'Amr ibn al-'As for you." They made a compact to do that and bound themselves to its fulfilment. They agreed to carry it out on the night of the 19th of the month of Ramadan. On that they separated.

Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, set out - he was numbered among Kinda - until he came to Kufa. There he met his colleagues. But he kept his task secret from them out of fear that something of it might get spread around. The situation was like this when one day he visited one of his colleagues from Taym al-Rabab. At this man's house he met by chance Qatam, daughter of al-Akhdar of Taym. The Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, had killed her father and brother at al-Nahrawan. She was (also) one of the most beautiful of the women of her time. When Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, saw her, he fell in love with her and his admiration of her became very intense. He asked to marry her and became engaged to her. Then she said to him: "What dowry do you suggest for me?"

"Make your decision on that," he answered.

"I have decided," she said, "that you should (give me three thousand dirhams, a young serving boy, a servant and the murder of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib."

"You can have all you asked for," he replied. "But as for the murder of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, how can I do that?"

"You should look (for a time) when he is careless," she said. "If you kill him, I will cure myself (of my obsession against him) and life with me will be a pleasure for you. If you are killed, God has nothing in this world which is better for you (than such a death)."

"The only thing which has brought me to this town (misr)," he said, "when I was a fugitive from it and could find no protection with its inhabitants, was to kill 'Ali b. Abi Talib, which you have asked me for. So you will have what you have asked for."

"I have been looking for someone to help you and strengthen you in that (undertaking)," she said. Then she went to Wardan ibn Mujalid from Taym al-Rabab. She gave him the information and asked help for Ibn Muljam, may God curse him. He undertook to share responsibility for that for her.

Then Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, went out and came to a man from Ashja' called Shabib ibn Bajura and said to him:

"Shabib, would you like nobility (sharaf) in this world and the next life?"

"What is that?" he asked.

"Will you help me to kill 'Ali b. Abi Talib?"

Shabib was one who held the view of the Kharijites, so he said to Ibn Muljam: "May a wailing woman wail for you (at your death), Ibn Muljam. For you have come to something which is horrific. How will you be able to do it?"

"We will lie in wait for him in the great mosque," Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, replied. "Then when he comes to the dawn prayer, we will attack him. If we kill him, we will satisfy ourselves and attain our vengeance."

He insisted until he agreed and went with him into the great mosque to Qatam, while she was performing the rite of i'tikaf there and put up a tent. They both said to her: "We have reached agreement on killing this man."

"When you want (to do) that," she said, "come to me in this place."

Then they left her and waited for several days. They came to her finally on the night of Wednesday, the 19thof the month of Ramadan in the year 40 AH. She ordered some silk which she tied around their chests. They put on their swords, and went out and sat opposite at the door from which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, would come out to the prayer. However before that, they had told al-Ash'ath ibn Qays of the resolution in their spirits to kill the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him. Al-Ash'ath ibn Qays, may God curse him, agreed with them in what they had agreed upon.

Hujr ibn 'Adi, may God have mercy on him, was (also) spending that night in the mosque. He overheard al-Ash'ath saying to Ibn Muljam:

"Hurry, hurry to your task, for dawn is beginning to appear."

Hujr perceived the intention of al-Ash'ath and said to him: "You are going to kill him, you one-eyed man."

He left directly to go to the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, and tell him the news to warn him about the group. However, the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, missed him on the way and went into the mosque. Ibn Muljam came to him first and struck him. Hujr approached as the people were crying: "The Commander of the faithful has been killed!"

As for the two men who were in agreement with Ibn Muljam to kill Mu'awiya and 'Amr ibn al 'As, the one struck Mu'awiya while he was bending (in prayer). However his blow was delivered weakly and he was saved from its consequences. The man was seized and killed immediately.

As for the other he went to carry out his mission that night. However 'Amr had felt sick and had put a man in his place to pray with the people; the man was called Kharija ibn Abi Habiba al-'Amiri. He struck with his sword when he thought that it was 'Amr. He was seized and taken to 'Amr who had him killed. Kharija died on the second day!

Reference: Kitab al-Irshad, Sheikh Mufid

Source: www.hujjat.org


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