بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Monday, 21st August 2017

Articles

Dahwul Ardh

dahwalard

Almighty Allah in Surat al-Nazi'aat 79:30 speaking clearly about Dahwul Ardh says: “and the earth-after that He spread it out (dahahaa)...”

1. What is Dahwul Ardh?

“Dahwul Ardh” - the 25th of Dhulqa'dah, according to a tradition of the Holy Prophet (s) reported by one of his Sahabi - 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud, is the day when the earth was spread for the advantage of human beings. The phrase "Dahwul Ardh" literally means “The spread of the earth”. In another tradition it is reported that the first Rahmah & blessing descended on this very day.

A saying of a Masoom (as) goes: “Imam-e-Zamana Ajja lallahu Farajahu will rise in this day and will fill the world with fairness and justice as it was filled with unfairness and oppression”.

Hence it is a very important occasion indeed. This day is one of those four days, which are distinguished for the excellence of fasting. According to a tradition of the Holy Prophet (saw), whosoever fasts on this day his fast would equal 70 years of fasting. Many aamaal of this day have been described.

Having known these merits, should we limit our celebration with fasting and the expression of joy, or should our struggle transcend beyond that? This obviously would depend on our vision about this important day. And in order to understand properly the importance of this day, we should understand the earth better.

2. How is Dahwu'l Ardh applicable in the present era & how must we celebrate it?

Islam was not revealed for a certain time and a particular people. Its laws and teachings apply for all ages to come. We should try to appreciate this vital truth and behold the "universality" of the religious teachings.

The day of Dahwul Ardh that the Holy Prophet (saw) and our aimma (A) mention in the traditions was not a day of celebration for their time only. Rather it is a day to be celebrated in every epoch and land. The problems the earth faced in their time may be different from the problems the earth confronts in our age. However both have lived in the same earth.

Our duty in every age when this Islamic earth day is celebrated should be to ponder over this God-given blessing, the reason why it was created, whether it is utilized for the purpose it was created, the crisis it faces at present, the remedy for such crisis, etc. This would really make the celebration a celebration of true faith and concern, and a celebration of thanking the All-Merciful Creator who created the world for man's good.

source : www.hujjat.org

The Last Will of Imam Ali [as]

In the 40th year of Hijra, in the small hours of the morning of 19th Mahe Ramadhan, Imam Ali (A) was struck with a poisoned sword by the Kharijite Ibn Maljam (LA) while offering his prayers in the Masjid of Kufa. He died on the 21stday of Mahe Ramadan 40 AH and is buried in Najaf-ul-Ashraf.

He was born in the House of Allah, the Kaaba, and martryed in the House of Allah, Masjid-e-Kufa. The Lion of Allah, the most brave and gentle Muslim after the Prophet (SAW) himself, began his glorious life with devotion to Allah and His Messenger, and ended it in the service of Islam.

"And do not speak of those who are slain in the the Way of Allah as dead; nay, they are alive, but you perceive not." Quran 2:154

Imam Ali's (A) last will to his sons Imam Hasan (A) and Imam Hussain (A) after the attempt on his life by a stab from Ibn Muljim (LA):

- My advice to you is to be conscious of Allah and steadfast in your religion. Do not yearn for the world, and do not be seduced by it. Do not resent anything you have missed in it. Proclaim the truth; work for the next world. Oppose the oppressor and support the oppressed.

- I advise you, and all my children, my relatives, and whosoever receives this message, to be conscious of Allah, to remove your differences, and to strengthen your ties. I heard your grandfather, peace be upon him, say: "Reconciliation of your differences is more worthy than all prayers and all fasting."

- Fear Allah in matters concerning orphans. Attend to their nutrition and do not forget their interests in the middle of yours.

- Fear Allah in your relations with your neighbors. Your Prophet often recommended them to you, so much so that we thought he would give them a share in inheritance.

- Remain attached to the Quran. Nobody should surpass you in being intent on it, or more sincere in implementing it.

- Fear Allah in relation to your prayers. It is the pillar of your religion.

- Fear Allah in relation to His House; do not abandon it as long as you live. It you should do that you would abandon your dignity.

- Persist in the struggle in the cause of Allah, with your money, your souls, and your tongue.

- Maintain communication and exchange of opinion among yourselves. Beware of disunity and enmity. Do not desist from promoting good deeds and cautioning against bad ones. Should you do that,the worst among you would be your leaders, and you will call upon Allah without response.

- O Children of Abdul Mattalib! Do not shed the blood of Muslims under the banner: The Imam has been assassinated! Only the assassin should be condemned to death.

- If I die of this stab of his, kill him with one similar stroke. Do not mutilate him! I have heard the Prophet, peace be upon him, say: "Mutilate not even a rabid dog."

Source: Najul Balagha

Source: www.hujjat.org

Imam Hassan al-Mujtaba [AS]

wiladat imam hassan as 2013 wallpaper by dea pride-d6ekd0i

Birth 15th Holy Month of Ramadhan 5 AH in Madina
Titles Al-Mujtaba (The Chosen One)
Death 7thSafar 50 AH in Madina


When asked what piety is, Imam Hassan (A) replied, "yearning for virtue and not longing for this world."

When asked what generosity is, Imam Hassan (A) replied, "donation before request and feeding people during drought."

When asked what dignity is, Imam Hassan (A) replied, "agreeing with friends and maintaining good neighbourly relations."

Wiladat of Our 2nd Imam (A)

Imam Hasan (A) was born on the 15th of Ramadhan in the 3rd Hijrah. His name was suggested by Allah (swt) through a Vahi (revelation) to the Prophet Mohammad (saw) which suggested that since Imam Ali (A) is to the Prophet Mohammad (saw) as Hazrat Haroon (A) was to Hazrat Moosa (A), the name of his child should be on the name of the son of Hazrat Haroon (A) which was Shabbar - meaning Hassan in Arabic. This was the first time that a child was named Hassan.

His Practical Application of Al-Qur'an

Once, a female slave brought a beautiful flower, which had a wonderful fragrance and presented it to her master Imam Hassan al-Mujtaba (A). Imam (A) was so happy that he (A) instantly set her free. Anas bin Malik, who was present at the time, was surprised and remarked: "Master! You have set her free for such a simple reason?  Indeed we do not see any connection between this flower and her freedom". Thereupon, the Imam (A) said: "Allah, the Almighty says in the Quran: 'When you are greeted with a salute, greet with a better one than it, or return it'. (4:86).  She had expressed her feelings and it needed to be responded in a much better way, so I freed her". (Ahsanul-Muqaal).

His Knowledge

Once the ruler of Rome asked Imam Hassan (A): "Which are the creations which were born without a mother and father or male and female?"

Imam Hasan (A) replied: There are 7 such creations:

1. Hazrat Adam (A),

2. Hazrat Hawwa (A),

3. The lamb which was sent in place of Hazrat Ismaeel (A),

4. The camel of Hazrat Saleh (A),

5. The serpent of Hazrat Moosa (A),

6. Iblees and

7. The crow that taught the method of burial to Qabeel son of Hazrat Adam (A)

His Character and Etiquette

An old man sat to do his Wudhu / Wuzu (Ablution). But his Wudhu was not correct.  Imam Hassan (A) and Imam Hussain (A), the grandsons of the Prophet Mohammad (saw), then two young boys, watched him.  They immediately realized that the old man was not doing his Wudhu correctly, but hesitated to tell him directly. Perhaps the old man would feel humiliated by two young boys, or he might even lose interest in the act of worship.

Sitting next to him, they started to do the Wudhu and during the Wudhu, Imam Hassan (A) said: "Oh Hussain my Wudhu is correct and more perfect than yours." In reply, Imam Hussain (A) insisted that his own Wudhu was better than Imam Hassan's. Finally they said: "Let us refer to this gentleman. He is older than us and should be able to decide."

The old man was listening patiently. The boys performed their Wudhu under his supervision, one after the other. And when they had finished, he realized the Wudhu done by the boys was methodical and correct. It was his own Wudhu which was incorrect. Turning to Imam Hasan (A) and Imam Hussain (A), he gently said: "The Wudhu done by you is absolutely correct. I am grateful that you chose to guide me in such a beautiful manner."

Article contribution by Marhum Muallim Mustafa Mawjee

SOURCE: www.hujjat.org

The Martydom of Imam Ali [as]

A group of the Kharijites gathered at Mecca and they mentioned the leaders (of the people) and blamed them and their actions. They mentioned the people of al-Nahrawan and they asked God's mercy for them. Then they said to each other: "If (only) we devoted ourselves to God, and went to the leaders (Imams) of error (dalal) and sought a moment when they were inattentive and then rid the country and men of them for the sake of God, and also avenged our brothers, the martyrs of al-Nahrawan."

They made a compact to do that after performing the pilgrimage. 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Muljam (LA), said: "I'll take care of (killing) 'Ali for you." Al-Burak ibn 'Abd Allah al-Tamimi said: "I will take care of (killing) Mu'awiya for you." 'Amr ibn Bakr al-Tamimi said: "I will take care of (killing) 'Amr ibn al-'As for you." They made a compact to do that and bound themselves to its fulfilment. They agreed to carry it out on the night of the 19th of the month of Ramadan. On that they separated.

Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, set out - he was numbered among Kinda - until he came to Kufa. There he met his colleagues. But he kept his task secret from them out of fear that something of it might get spread around. The situation was like this when one day he visited one of his colleagues from Taym al-Rabab. At this man's house he met by chance Qatam, daughter of al-Akhdar of Taym. The Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, had killed her father and brother at al-Nahrawan. She was (also) one of the most beautiful of the women of her time. When Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, saw her, he fell in love with her and his admiration of her became very intense. He asked to marry her and became engaged to her. Then she said to him: "What dowry do you suggest for me?"

"Make your decision on that," he answered.

"I have decided," she said, "that you should (give me three thousand dirhams, a young serving boy, a servant and the murder of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib."

"You can have all you asked for," he replied. "But as for the murder of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, how can I do that?"

"You should look (for a time) when he is careless," she said. "If you kill him, I will cure myself (of my obsession against him) and life with me will be a pleasure for you. If you are killed, God has nothing in this world which is better for you (than such a death)."

"The only thing which has brought me to this town (misr)," he said, "when I was a fugitive from it and could find no protection with its inhabitants, was to kill 'Ali b. Abi Talib, which you have asked me for. So you will have what you have asked for."

"I have been looking for someone to help you and strengthen you in that (undertaking)," she said. Then she went to Wardan ibn Mujalid from Taym al-Rabab. She gave him the information and asked help for Ibn Muljam, may God curse him. He undertook to share responsibility for that for her.

Then Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, went out and came to a man from Ashja' called Shabib ibn Bajura and said to him:

"Shabib, would you like nobility (sharaf) in this world and the next life?"

"What is that?" he asked.

"Will you help me to kill 'Ali b. Abi Talib?"

Shabib was one who held the view of the Kharijites, so he said to Ibn Muljam: "May a wailing woman wail for you (at your death), Ibn Muljam. For you have come to something which is horrific. How will you be able to do it?"

"We will lie in wait for him in the great mosque," Ibn Muljam, may God curse him, replied. "Then when he comes to the dawn prayer, we will attack him. If we kill him, we will satisfy ourselves and attain our vengeance."

He insisted until he agreed and went with him into the great mosque to Qatam, while she was performing the rite of i'tikaf there and put up a tent. They both said to her: "We have reached agreement on killing this man."

"When you want (to do) that," she said, "come to me in this place."

Then they left her and waited for several days. They came to her finally on the night of Wednesday, the 19thof the month of Ramadan in the year 40 AH. She ordered some silk which she tied around their chests. They put on their swords, and went out and sat opposite at the door from which the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, would come out to the prayer. However before that, they had told al-Ash'ath ibn Qays of the resolution in their spirits to kill the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him. Al-Ash'ath ibn Qays, may God curse him, agreed with them in what they had agreed upon.

Hujr ibn 'Adi, may God have mercy on him, was (also) spending that night in the mosque. He overheard al-Ash'ath saying to Ibn Muljam:

"Hurry, hurry to your task, for dawn is beginning to appear."

Hujr perceived the intention of al-Ash'ath and said to him: "You are going to kill him, you one-eyed man."

He left directly to go to the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, and tell him the news to warn him about the group. However, the Commander of the faithful, peace be on him, missed him on the way and went into the mosque. Ibn Muljam came to him first and struck him. Hujr approached as the people were crying: "The Commander of the faithful has been killed!"

As for the two men who were in agreement with Ibn Muljam to kill Mu'awiya and 'Amr ibn al 'As, the one struck Mu'awiya while he was bending (in prayer). However his blow was delivered weakly and he was saved from its consequences. The man was seized and killed immediately.

As for the other he went to carry out his mission that night. However 'Amr had felt sick and had put a man in his place to pray with the people; the man was called Kharija ibn Abi Habiba al-'Amiri. He struck with his sword when he thought that it was 'Amr. He was seized and taken to 'Amr who had him killed. Kharija died on the second day!

Reference: Kitab al-Irshad, Sheikh Mufid

Source: www.hujjat.org

Bibi Khadija [as]

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The Most Beloved Wife of the Holy Prophet of Islam (SAW)

"Islam did not rise except through Ali's sword and Khadija's wealth" a saying goes.

Khadija al-Kubra (A) daughter of Khuwaylid ibn (son of) Asad ibn Abdul-ˋUzza ibn Qusayy belonged to the clan of Banu Hashim of the tribe of Banu Asad. She was a distant cousin of her husband the Messenger of Allah Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn Abd Manaf ibn Qusayy (pbuh and his progeny). Qusayy, then, is the ancestor of all clans belonging to Quraysh. According to some historians, Quraysh's real name was Fahr, and he was son of Malik son of Madar son of Kananah son of Khuzaimah son of Mudrikah son of Ilyas son of Mazar son of Nazar son of Maˋad son of Adnan son of Ismaˋeel (Ishmael) son of Ibrahim (Abraham) son of Sam son of Noah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon the prophets from among his ancestors.


According to a number of sources, Khadija (A) was born in 565 AD and died on 10th Mahe Ramadhan three year before the Hijra (migration of the Holy Prophet and his followers from Mecca to Medina) at the age of 58. Khadija's mother, who died around 575 AD, was Fatima daughter of Za'ida ibn al-Asam of Banu ˋAmir ibn Luayy ibn Ghalib, also a distant relative of Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Khadija's father, who died around 585 AD, belonged to the Abd al-ˋUzza clan of the tribe of Quraysh and, like many other Qurayshis, was a merchant, a successful businessman whose vast wealth and business talents were inherited by Khadija and whom the latter succeeded in faring with the family's vast wealth.

Her marriage to the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) was a very happy one, and it produced a lady who was one of the four perfect women in all the history of mankind: Fatima daughter of Muhammad (SAW). Before her, Qasim and Abdullah were born, but they both died at infancy.  By the time Khadija got married, she was quite a wealthy lady, so wealthy that she felt no need to keep trading and increasing her wealth; instead, she decided to retire and enjoy a comfortable life with her husband who, on his part, preferred an ascetic life.

Khadija (A) bore patiently in the face of persecution to which her revered husband and his small band of believers were exposed at the hands of the polytheists and aristocrats of Quraysh, sacrificing her vast wealth to promote Islam, seeking Allah's Pleasure. Among Khadija's merits was her being one of the four most perfect of all women of mankind, the other three being: Fatima daughter of Muhammad (SAW), Maryam bint ˋUmran (Mary daughter of Amran) mother of Christ (A) and niece of prophet Zakariyya and Ishba (Elizabeth), and ˋAsiya daughter of Muzahim, wife of Pharaoh.

The Prophet of Islam (SAW) used to talk about Khadija quite often after her demise, so much so that his youngest wife, ˋAyesha daughter of Abu Bakr, felt extremely jealous and said to him, "... But she was only an old woman with red eyes, and Allah has compensated you with a better and younger wife (meaning herself)."  This caused him (SAW) to be very indignant, and he said, "No, indeed; He has not compensated me with someone better than her. She believed in me when all others disbelieved; she held me truthful when others called me a liar; she sheltered me when others abandoned me; she comforted me when others shunned me; and Allah granted me children by her while depriving me of children by other women."

Janabe Khadija (A) died of illness (or as some mention, poisoning) on 10th day of the month of Ramadhan, ten years after the start of the Prophetic mission (in the year 619 AD),  25 years after her marriage with Muhammad (SAW), and she was buried at a graveyard known as Jannaul Maula at the outskirts of Mecca.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) dug her grave and buried her... Funeral prayers (salat al janaza) had not yet been mandated in Islam. It is reported that by the time she died, her entire wealth had already been spent to promote Islam; she left not a single gold dinar nor a single silver dirham, nor anything more or less..

"O soul that are at rest! Return to your Lord, well-pleased (with Him), well-pleasing (Him), so enter among My servants, and enter into My garden."  (Holy Qur'an, 89:27-30).

Article contribution by Marhum Muallim Mustafa Mawjee

Source: www.hujjat.org

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